Determinants of Premenstruation of Syndrome in Students of SMAN 1 Unggul Darul Imarah Lampeunureut Aceh Besar

Agustina Agustina, Nurul Husna

Abstract


Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is one of the most common problems in women. 30-50% of women experience symptoms of PMS, and 5% feel symptoms are severe enough to affect physical health and social function. The other 10% experienced very severe PMS to cause school absences. PMS is characterized by rapid changes in mood depression, irritability, anger, aggression, crying, tension, anxiety, and physical symptoms such as breast discomfort, abdominal pain, headache, bloating, edema, fatigue, and insomnia during late menstrual cycle. Improving lifestyle by increasing physical activity and a healthy diet can reduce the occurrence of PMS. This study aims to determine the occurrence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in terms of physical activity, sleep patterns for girls at SMAN 1 Unggul Darul Imarah Aceh Besar. This research is descriptive analytic using crossectional design. Sampling in proportional sampling as much as 72 respondents. The result of this study showed that respondents who did not experience symptoms until mild symptoms of premenstrual syndrome incident were 44 people (61.1%) and respondents who experienced moderate to severe symptoms as many as 28 people (38.9%), premenstrual syndrome not related to activity physical with p value >0,05. While sleep patterns associated with premenstrual syndrome with p value <0.05. The conclusion of high physical activity is still one of the causes of premenstrual syndrome and irregular sleep patterns will also have an impact on the incidence.

Keywords: Premenstrual Syndrome, Sleep Patterns, Physical Activity


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